Richard Henry Maddern1

M, b. 18 July 1914
  • Richard Henry Maddern was born on 18 July 1914 in Cornwall.
  • He was the son of Richard Ernest Maddern and Annie Jane Triggs.1
  • Richard Henry Maddern's birth was registered in the Penzance, Cornwall Registration District in the September 1914 Quarter.1

Citations

  1. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Births Sep 1914 Maddern      Richard H Triggs      Penzance      5c     385.

Rosalind Maddern1

F, b. March 1912
  • Rosalind Maddern's birth was registered in the Penzance, Cornwall Registration District in the March 1912 Quarter.1
  • She was the daughter of Richard Ernest Maddern and Annie Jane Triggs.1
  • Her marriage, at 22 years and 9 months, to Lewis A Bray was registered in the December 1934 Quarter in Penzance, Cornwall Registration District.2

Citations

  1. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Births Mar 1912 Maddern      Rosalind      Triggs      Penzance      5c     404.
  2. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Dec 1934 Bray      Lewis A;      Maddern; Maddern      Rosalind;      Bray     ; Penzance;      5c;     522.     

Ruby Annie May Maddern1

F, b. 20 February 1896, d. 8 July 1976
  • Ruby Annie May Maddern was born on 20 February 1896 in Emu Creek, Crow's Nest, Queensland.2
  • She was the daughter of John Maddern and Mary Ann Cossart.
  • In 1911 when Egbert and Alice Gillies were married the family may have taken the opportunity to have some photos taken on the verandah of "Jubilee Vale."
  • On 1 April 1912,Ruby Annie May Maddern's mother, Mary Ann Cossart died in Queensland.3
  • At the age of 21 years, 8 months and 18 days, Ruby Annie May Maddern married Frederick August Trost, son of August Frederick Trost and Henrieta Florentine Wilhelmine Sanft, on 7 November 1917 in Jubilee Vale, Emu Creek, Crow's Nest, Queensland.4
  • Ruby Annie May Maddern and Frederick August Trost appeared on the Electoral Roll in 1943 living at Anduramba, Crow's Nest. Fred was a farmer. They lived on their property Brae Leny. Daughter Maud also lived on the property.5
  • In September 1954
    A photograph of all of the Maddern children appeared in the local paper in September 1954. The article under the photo read:- "The Maddern family, "three boys and three girls", with their wives and husbands, held a reunion dinner in Queen's Park kiosk on Saturday on the occasion of Mr and Mrs O Maddern's forty-second wedding anniversary. The "boys" and "girls" are the children of the late John Maddern, Cornish-born farmer who died in 1933 and who took up land in the Crow's Nest District 74 years ago. Front (left to right) Mrs G J Wittaker, Mr Wittaker, Mrs E Maddern, Mr E Maddern, Mrs F Trost and Mr Trost. Back (left to right) Mrs J Maddern, Mr J Maddern, Mrs J W Bidgood, Mr Bidgood, Mr O Maddern, and Mrs O Maddern."6
  • On 10 May 1963 Ruby Annie May Maddern and Frederick August Trost lived in Kingaroy, Queensland. They had moved from Virginia to Kumbia.7
  • On 19 February 1968,her husband, Frederick August Trost died in Crow's Nest, Queensland, at age 74.8
  • Ruby Annie May Maddern died on 8 July 1976 in Crow's Nest, Queensland, at age 80.
  • She was buried on 10 July 1976 in Crow's Nest Cemetery.9

Child of Ruby Annie May Maddern and Frederick August Trost

Citations

  1. CE Cossart, "History of the Cossart and Allied Families."
  2. QLD, BDM Index, online https://www.bdm.qld.gov.au/IndexSearch/BirIndexQry.m, Birth 1896/C5302     Ruby Annie May     Maddern;     John;     Mary Ann Crossart.
  3. QLD, BDM Index, online https://www.bdm.qld.gov.au/IndexSearch/BirIndexQry.m, Death 1912/C4362     Mary Anne;     Maddern     Henry Cossart;     Mary Walker.
  4. QLD, BDM Index, online https://www.bdm.qld.gov.au/IndexSearch/BirIndexQry.m, Marriage 1917/C3308     Maddern     Ruby Annie May;     Trost     Frederick August.
  5. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, Div Darling Downs Sub Div Crow's Nest 1943.
  6. Di Suttle, "Photograph & Details of Maddern reunion."
  7. Letter, Florence Henderson to Audrey Chambers, 26 May 2009.
  8. Chapelhill Family History, online http://www.chapelhill.homeip.net/FamilyHistory/Photos/, TROST Frederick August ;      TROS       ;      21Feb       1968.
  9. Crows Nest Cemetery Graves, online http://www.crowsnestshire.qld.gov.au/sub/cemetery/…

Ruby Catherine Maddern1

F, b. 27 November 1914, d. 4 August 1996

Ruby Catherine Knight (nee Maddern) (1914-1996) daughter of Alice Ann Gillies and Egbert Maddern. Taken 1940.
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern was born on 27 November 1914 in Emu Creek, Crow's Nest, Queensland.2,3
  • She was the daughter of Egbert Thomas Spencer Lower Maddern and Alice Ann Gillies.
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern commenced school in 1919 at Jubilee Vale, Emu Creek.
  • She commenced school on 18 October 1926 at Crow's Nest State School. aged 11 years and 11 months after Alice and Egberts house had burnt down the week before. The children were sent to attend school in Crows Nest while Egbert looked for another house for the family. She left in December of that year.4
  • She commenced school in 1928 at Jubilee Vale State School.5
  • At the age of 21 years, 4 months and 25 days, Ruby Catherine Maddern married Raymond Francis Knight, son of William Edward Knight and Daisy Lewington, on 21 April 1936 in Neil Street Methodist Church, Toowoomba, Queensland.1,6
  • Circa 1937 Ray and Ruby lived in the Miles district where they had a market garden and ran a mail contract. When Ray joined the army Ruby and the four children lived at Emu creek with Ruby's mother while Ray was away at war. He served in the Middle East. After the war they moved to "Clairdale" Yarrenlea with Bill and Eva Maddern. They then bought Stan Smiths old home at Anduramba, before moving to the Biggendin district - Guluguba where the twins were born. Finally they moved to South Nanango where they grew peanuts and dairied. They retired and lived in Toowoomba.
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern appeared on the Electoral Roll with Daisy Lewington and Ralph Norman Knight in 1937 in Coolamalla Creek. Ralph was a labourer. Daisy's son Raymond, a labourer and his wife Ruby lived with them. William had moved toToowoomba.7
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern witnessed the Military of Raymond Francis Knight on 8 June 1940 in Toowoomba; His Service Number was QX5957. He enlisted in Toowoomba and gave his next of kin as his wife Ruby. He was discharged on 31 Jan 1944 with the rank of Private in the 2nd Anti tank Regiment.8
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern appeared on the Electoral Roll in 1943 living at Emu Creek. She carried out home duties and was living at her parent's farm.9
  • She and Raymond Francis Knight moved to their first farm atAnduramba in August 1944. Their third daughter was due to be born on the day they were to shift into their first proper home. This farm previously belonged to Stan and Berry Smith.10
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern and Raymond Francis Knight appeared on the Electoral Roll in 1949 living at Anduramba. Ray was a farmer.11
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern and Raymond Francis Knight moved to Southtown, Toowoomba in 1967.10
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern moved to Hervey Bay circa 1994.to a retirement village. She lived there for six months before moving to Kingaroy to a Hostel for aged people.10
  • Ruby Catherine Maddern died on 4 August 1996 in Hostels for the Aged, Kingaroy, Queensland, at age 81. Ruby died of a heart attack.10
  • She was buried on 7 August 1996 in Kingaroy Cemetery. Ray's ashes were buried with Ruby.12,10

Citations

  1. CE Cossart, "History of the Cossart and Allied Families."
  2. Dorothy Perkins, "The Eyles & Gillis Settlers, 1636-1987."
  3. QLD, BDM Index, online https://www.bdm.qld.gov.au/IndexSearch/BirIndexQry.m, Birth Ref 14/014640.
  4. Print from Microfiche; Crows Nest State School.
  5. Pupils & Teacher Jubilee Vale State School Photograph (thanks to Evie Ludke), 10 April 1928.
  6. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Marriage 1936     C2301     Raymond Francis     Knight;     Ruby Catherine     Maddern.
  7. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, District Maranoa Sub District Miles 1937.
  8. WW2 Nominal Roll, online http://www.ww2roll.gov.au
  9. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, Div Darling Downs Sub Div Crow's Nest 1943.
  10. J B, "Knight Family," e-mail to Audrey, 8 July 2004; 7 Sep 2005.
  11. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, Div Darling Downs Sub Div Crow's Nest 1949.
  12. Interview, Des Lowien, 2003.

Sally Maddern1

F
  • Sally Maddern married an unknown person on 30 November 1840.
  • She was buried on 14 December 1867.

Citations

  1. Unknown author, The Early Madderns of Madron, c 17th to 19 Centruries- Compliled by David L Maddern of Alderley Queensland., November 1982All entries herin are from.

Samuel Dunn Maddern1

M, b. 2 April 1853, d. 29 January 1945
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern was born on 2 April 1853 in Newlyn.2
  • He was the son of Richard Maddern and Catherine Barnes.
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern was christened on 24 April 1853 in St Paul Parish, Newlyn, Cornwall, England.
  • At the time of the 7 April 1861 census Samuel Dunn Maddern was living in the household of Richard Maddern and Catherine Barnes in Church Lane, Newlyn, Cornwall. Richard is shown as a 40 year old gardener born St Paul and living with his wife Catherine, son John 16 a gardener, Ann Dawes, 14 scholar, Phillis 12 scholar; Richard, 10, scholar; Samuel Dun, 8, scholar, Catherine 3, scholar.3
  • At the time of the 2 April 1871 census Samuel Dunn Maddern was living in the household of Richard Maddern and Catherine Barnes in Church Lane, Newyn. Richard was shown as the 50 year old head, a gardener of 11 acres of land, living with his wife Catherine 49 and their children John unmarried at 27, a gardener, Phillis 22 a gardeners daughter, Richard 20, a gardener, Samuel D, 18 a gardener, Catherine J 13 a scholar and Grace aged 9 also a scholar. All were born in Newlyn.4
  • His marriage, at 21 years and 10 months, to Mary Jane Rogers, daughter of John Wicks Rogers and Louisa O Unknown, was registered in the March 1875 Quarter in Helston, Cornwall Registration District.5
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern and Mary Jane Rogers appeared on the census of 3 April 1881 in Mount Pleasant Terrace, Newlyn, Cornwall. Samuel Dunn snr is shown as a carrier, aged 28 years, born Newlyn, living with his wife Mary Jane aged 28, born Helston, sons Richard, aged 4 born Newlyn and Samuel D.aged 1 and daughter Mary aged 3 both born Newlyn.6
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern appeared on the census of 5 April 1891 in 10 Rose Row, Phillack. Samuel Dunn snr shown as a 38 year old coachman (employee),born Paul, living with his wife Mary Jane,37, born Mawgan in Meneage, sons Richard, 15, a shoemakers apprentice, born Paul & Samuel Dunn, 11, a scholar, born Paul, & daughter Mary Jane, 13, a scholar, born Paul.7
  • He and Mary Jane Rogers appeared on the census of 2 April, 1911 in Bonaer Stables, Station Hill, Hayle, Cornwall. Samuel was shown as a 57 year old coachman, born Newlyn Paul. He had been married to his wife Mary Jane, 57, born Mawgan in Meneage for 33 years and the couple had 4 children, one of whom had died. Living with them was their daughter Mary Jane, 30, single, born Newlyn a biscuit packer.8
  • On 4 November 1919,his wife, Mary Jane Rogers died in Hale, Phillack, at age 66.9
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern died on 29 January 1945 in Hale, Phillack, Cornwall, at age 91.9,2
  • He was buried in Phillack Cemetery, Phillack.
    The headstone reads:- Samuel D Maddern, 29/1/1945, aged 91, born 1854. Husband of Mary Ann, Father of Chard.9

Children of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Mary Jane Rogers

Citations

  1. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File (R).
  2. Jim Davey, "The Maddern Family."
  3. Jenny, "1861 Census Newlyn," e-mail to Audrey, 13 April 2002.
  4. Cornwall Census Project 1871, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…
  5. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Mar 1875 MADDERN Samuel Dunn Helston 5c     275 ROGERS Mary Jane Helston      5c 27.
  6. Census 1881 British, online http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/frameset_search.asp, Census Place Paul, Cornwall, England Family History Library Film 1341563 Public Records Office Reference RG11Piece / Folio 2344 / 87 Page Number 30.
  7. FreeCEn, online http://freecen.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Piece: RG12/1846 Place: Redruth -Cornwall Enumeration District: 5. Civil Parish: Redruth Ecclesiastical Parish: Redruth. Folio: 79 Page: 14 Schedule: 108.
  8. British Census 1911, online http://www.ancestry.com
  9. Chris Uphills Cornish Cemetries, online http://members.tripod.com/chrisuphill/mainm.htm

Samuel Dunn Maddern

M, b. September 1879, d. December 1960

Samuel Dunn Maddern 1879-1960

  • Samuel Dunn Maddern was born in September 1879 in Paul, Cornwall.1
  • He was the son of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Mary Jane Rogers.
  • At the time of the 3 April 1881 census Samuel Dunn Maddern was living in the household of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Mary Jane Rogers in Mount Pleasant Terrace, Newlyn, Cornwall. Samuel Dunn snr is shown as a carrier, aged 28 years, born Newlyn, living with his wife Mary Jane aged 28, born Helston, sons Richard, aged 4 born Newlyn and Samuel D.aged 1 and daughter Mary aged 3 both born Newlyn.2
  • At the time of the 5 April 1891 census Samuel Dunn Maddern was living in the household of Samuel Dunn Maddern in 10 Rose Row, Phillack. Samuel Dunn snr shown as a 38 year old coachman (employee),born Paul, living with his wife Mary Jane,37, born Mawgan in Meneage, sons Richard, 15, a shoemakers apprentice, born Paul & Samuel Dunn, 11, a scholar, born Paul, & daughter Mary Jane, 13, a scholar, born Paul.3
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern appeared on the census of 31 March 1901 in Tormoham Torquay, Devon. He is shown as a 21 year old hairdresser born Penzance.4
  • At the age of 23 years and 9 months, Samuel Dunn Maddern married Beatrice Letitia Youlton in June 1903 in Newton Abbott, Devon.5
  • Samuel Dunn Maddern and Beatrice Letitia Youlton appeared on the census of 2 April, 1911 in 12 Prince's Road, Ellacombe, Torquay, Devon. Samuel snr was shown as a 32 year old hairdresser, born Newlyn East, Cornwall working from home. He had been married to Beatrice Letita, aged 34 born Cheetham Hill, Manchester for 8 years and the couple had two living children - Letita Beatrice Mary aged 4 born Torquay, Devon and Samual Frank aged 8 months also born Torquay.6
  • Between 1911 and 1912 he was listed as a hairdresser and tobaconnist in the A-Z Trade Directory for Torquay, Devonshire in 12 Princes Raod, Babbacomber, Torquay, Devonshire.
  • His death was recorded with the Newton Abbot, Devon Registration District in the December 1960 Quarter.7

Children of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Beatrice Letitia Youlton

Citations

  1. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Births Sep 1879
    Maddern Samuel Dunn Penzance 5c 268.
  2. Census 1881 British, online http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/frameset_search.asp, Census Place Paul, Cornwall, England Family History Library Film 1341563 Public Records Office Reference RG11Piece / Folio 2344 / 87 Page Number 30.
  3. FreeCEn, online http://freecen.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Piece: RG12/1846 Place: Redruth -Cornwall Enumeration District: 5. Civil Parish: Redruth Ecclesiastical Parish: Redruth. Folio: 79 Page: 14 Schedule: 108.
  4. British Census 1901, online http://www.1901censusonline.com/
  5. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Jun 1903Maddern Samuel Dunn Newton A. 5b 384 Youlton Beatrice Letitia Newton Abbot 5b 384.
  6. British Census 1911, online http://www.ancestry.com
  7. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl
  8. Jim Davey, "The Maddern Family."

Samuel Frank Maddern1

M, b. September 1910

Frank Maddern son of Samuel Dunn Maddern & Beatrice Youlton c 1926
  • Samuel Frank Maddern was also known as Frank.
  • He's birth was registered in the Newton Abbot, Devon Registration District in the September 1910 Quarter.1,2
  • He was the son of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Beatrice Letitia Youlton.1
  • At the time of the 1911 census Samuel Frank Maddern was living in the household of Samuel Dunn Maddern and Beatrice Letitia Youlton in 12 Prince's Road, Ellacombe, Torquay, Devon. Samuel snr was shown as a 32 year old hairdresser, born Newlyn East, Cornwall working from home. He had been married to Beatrice Letita, aged 34 born Cheetham Hill, Manchester for 8 years and the couple had two living children - Letita Beatrice Mary aged 4 born Torquay, Devon and Samual Frank aged 8 months also born Torquay.3
  • His marriage, at 21 years and 6 months, to Florence Molly Vanstone was registered in the March 1932 Quarter in Newton Abbot, Devon Registration District.4

Citations

  1. Jim Davey, "The Maddern Family."
  2. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Births Sep 1910 MADDERN Samuel F Newton A      5b 115.
  3. British Census 1911, online http://www.ancestry.com
  4. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Mar 1932 Maddern      Samuel F      Vanstone Florence M Newton A. 5b     275.

Sephil Maddern1

M, b. 13 October 1704
  • Sephil Maddern was christened on 13 October 1704 in St Buryan, Cornwall.1
  • He was the son of John Maddern and Rebecca Unknown.1
  • At the age of 29 years, 4 months and 10 days, Sephil Maddern married Norey Tonkin, daughter of William Tonkin and Patience Unknown, on 23 February 1734 in Paul, Cornwall. Septifil is shown as being of St Buryan Parish.2
  • At the age of 61 years, 2 months and 13 days, Sephil Maddern married Constance Hitchens on 26 December 1765 in Paul, Cornwall.

Children of Sephil Maddern and Norey Tonkin

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No P006371.
  2. Cornwall Family History Society, CFHS Marriage Records.
  3. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C053401.

Thomas Maddern1

M, b. August 1777
  • Thomas Maddern was born in August 1777.
  • He was the son of Catherine Thomas.
  • Thomas died as an infant.
  • Thomas Maddern was christened on 14 September 1777.

Citations

  1. Unknown author, The Early Madderns of Madron, c 17th to 19 Centruries- Compliled by David L Maddern of Alderley Queensland., November 1982All entries herin are from.

Thomas Maddern1

M, b. May 1779
  • Thomas Maddern was born in May 1779.
  • He was the son of Catherine Thomas.
  • Thomas Maddern was christened on 25 May 1779.
  • At the age of 23 years and 5 months, Thomas Maddern married Mary Curry on 17 October 1802.
  • Thomas Maddern was buried on 30 April 1854.

Citations

  1. Unknown author, The Early Madderns of Madron, c 17th to 19 Centruries- Compliled by David L Maddern of Alderley Queensland., November 1982All entries herin are from.

Thomas Maddern1

M, b. 24 November 1816, d. 19 July 1895

Thomas Maddern (1816-1895), son of John Maddern and Grace Gill. Taken c 1880.
  • Thomas Maddern was christened on 24 November 1816 in St Paul Parish, Newlyn, Cornwall, England.
  • He was the son of John Maddern and Grace Dunn Gill.
  • Between 1837 and 1848 he was was a labourer or a gardener. in Newlyn, Cornwall.2,3
  • At the age of 20 years, 7 months and 8 days, Thomas Maddern married Priscilla Lower, daughter of John Lower and Priscilla Gill, on 2 July 1837 in Paul Church, Cornwall. The marriage record shows that they were married by Banns. Thomas was a 21 year old gardener of Newlyn (Father John Maddern, a gardener). Priscilla was a 28 year old servant of Newlyn (Father John Lower, a rope maker). Witnesses were John Maddern and Henry Warren. John and Priscilla were in fact, cousins, their mothers Grace and Priscilla being sisters.4,5
  • Thomas Maddern and Priscilla Lower appeared on the census of 7 June 1841 in North Place, Newlyn. Thomas is shown as a 25 year old gardener living with his wife Prisiller 30 and daughters Catherine 3 and Maryann 2. All were born in Cornwall. The surname was spelt MADRON.6
  • Thomas Maddern and Priscilla Lower appeared on the census of 30 March 1851 in Church Lane, Newlyn, Cornwall. Thomas, the family head, was shown as a 35 year old farmer of 8 acres employing 1 labourer, born Paul. He was living with his wife Priscilla aged 40, born St Mawes and his six children Catherine 13, Mary Ann 11, Grace 9, Priscilla 7, Thomas 5 and John 3. All the older children were scholars and all the children were born in Paul.7
  • On 1 July 1854,his wife, Priscilla Lower died in Newlyn, Cornwall, at age 47. Of her children Catherine, the oldest was 17 and John, the baby of the family only 6. No doubt the older girls had a great influence both John and 8 year old Thomas junior in their early years.8
  • Thomas Maddern appeared on the census of 7 April 1861 in Fore Street, Newlyn, Cornwall. Thomas sen, the household head, was a 44 year old widower, agent to export ?brocolia (illegible), born Newlyn, St Paul and living with his unmarried daughters Catherine, 23, housekeeper; Mary Ann, 21, assistant housekeeper; Grace 19, assistant housework; Priscilla 17, dressmaker; Thomas, son, 15 scholar; John, son, 13 scholar. The surname was spelt MADDRON.9,10
  • In January 1862 he was an agent at the time of his daughters Catherine and Mary Anns' marriages.
    in Newlyn.11
  • He witnessed the marriage of Charles Barnes and Mary Ann Maddern on 1 January 1862 in Paul, Newlyn, Cornwall, England; The marriage record shows they were married by banns. Charles Varbes (incorrect spelling), 22 was a gardener of Stable Hobba (Father: Benjamin Barnes, Gardener). Mary Ann Maddern 22 was of Newlyn (Father: Thomas Maddern, Agent). Witnesses to the marriage were Thomas Maddern, Catherine Maddern.11
  • Thomas Maddern witnessed the marriage of Thomas Williams and Catherine Maddern on 18 January 1862 in Paul, Newlyn, Cornwall, England; They were married by Banns. Thomas Williams 26 was a Sailor of Newlyn (Father: William Williams, Fisherman) and Catherine Maddern 24 was also of Newlyn (Father: Thomas Maddern, Agent). Witnesses were Thomas Maddern, Grace Maddern.11
  • On 22 June 1867 he was a farmer, at the time of his daughter Grace's marriage,
    in Tredavoe, Newlyn.5
  • Thomas Maddern witnessed the marriage of Digory Hamlyn Bray and Grace Maddern on 22 June 1867 in Penzance, Cornwall, England; They were married by Banns. Digory Hambling Bray was of full age, a labourer of Tredavoe (Father: John Bellow Bray, Basket Maker). Grace Maddern was also of full age of Tredavoe (Father: Thomas Maddern, Farmer). Witnesses were Thomas Maddern, Thomas Maddern Jr.12,11
  • Thomas Maddern witnessed the marriage of Richard May and Priscilla Maddern on 12 August 1868 in Madron Church, Madron, Cornwall, England; They were married by banns. Richard May was a 23 year old Cab Proprietor of Penzance [Mark] (Father: Thomas May, Labourer)and Priscilla Maddern, 23, was of Penzance (Father: Thomas Maddern, Farmer). Witnesses to the marriage were Thos. Maddern and Thomas Williams.13,14,15
  • At the time of the 2 April 1871 census Thomas Maddern was living in the household of Grace Maddern in Jamaica Place, Madron. Grace is shown as the 29 year old head of the family born Paul. Living with her are her daughter Honor J Bray aged 3 born Madron and her father Thomas Maddern, 52 an agent to a railway, born Paul. Digory's widowed mother Honor Bray aged 60 was living two houses away.16
  • Thomas Maddern appeared on the census of 3 April 1881 in 50 Market Jew Street, Penzance, Cornwall. Thomas Maddern is shown as a 63 year old widow, an agent for the Midland Railway (Carrier) born Newlyn, living with his son -in-law Richard May a 36 year old cab proprietor born Launceston and daughter Priscilla May, 37 born Newlyn. The May children are also living on the premises:- Richard Thomas May 12, a scholar; John Valentine May 11, a scholar; Jane Pricilla May 9; Florence Catherine May 7; Mary Ann May 3; Thomas Maddern May aged 1 month. All the children were born in Penzance.17

         
  • In 1883 he was , according to Kelly's Directory of Penzance based in the Midland Railway (enquiry office), 50 Market Jew street and that he was an agent
    in Railway Station, Market Jew Street, Penzance.18
  • At the time of the 5 April 1891 census Thomas Maddern was living in the household of Richard May and Priscilla Maddern in 50 Market Jew Street, Penzance. Richard senior is shown as the 43 year old head of the household, born Launceston, a cab proprioter living with his wife Priscilla 47 born Paul, and children Richard 22 a boot shop assistant, Valentine 21 a hairdresser, Priscilla J 18 a hairdresser, Florence K 17 a shop assistant, Annie 13 a scholar, Thomas M 9 a scholar, Edward L 4. All the children were born in Penzance. Thomas Maddern, father in law, a retired railway agent aged 74 was also living with the family.19
  • In 1893 he was an agent for the Midland Railway (inquiry office) according to Kelly's Directory of Penzance
    in 50 Market Jew Street, Penzance.20
  • Thomas Maddern died on 19 July 1895 in Penzance town, Cornwall, at age 78.21,22
  • He was buried on 23 July 1895 in Paul Cholera Cemetery, Cornwall. Thomas' headstone shows he was 79 years old, buried with wife Priscilla who died 41 years earlier. [NOTE- THEIR HEADSTONE IS ALSO INSCRIBED WITH DETAILS OF THEIR DAUGTHERS MARY ANN BARNES AND CATHERINE WILLIAMS DEATHS - SAID TO BE COMMISSIONED BY THEIR SON JOHN MADDERN OF EMU CREEK]23,22

Children of Thomas Maddern and Priscilla Lower

Citations

  1. John Maddern, Death Certificate 1933.
  2. Catherine Maddern entry, Birth Certificate 218742 (1862).
  3. Paul Baptisms 1813-1859; unknown film.
  4. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Sep 1837 LOWER Priscilla Penzance 9 225 MADDERE Thomas Penzance 9 225.
  5. West Penwich Resources - Marriages, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/wpenmar.htm
  6. Cornwall Census - 1841, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…
  7. Cornwall Census Project 1851, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, HO 107/1918 Folio 357 (ED Ih Paul).
  8. Paul Burial Registers 1813-1901, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/paulbur1.htm, 4 Jul Priscilla Maddern of Newlyn aged 46.
  9. Jenny, "1861 Census Newlyn," e-mail to Audrey, 13 April 2002.
  10. Cornwall Census 1861, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, RG9/1592 Folio 49 Page 22.
  11. West Penwich Resources - Marriages, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/wpenmar.htm, Paul Marriage Register 1813-1905.
  12. Microfiche; unknown film, Vol 9, Page 406 April QTR 1867.
  13. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No M001691.
  14. Microfiche; unknown film, Sep 1868 Vol 5c page 384.
  15. West Penwich Resources - Marriages, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/wpenmar.htm, Madron Marriage Register 1863-1902.
  16. Cornwall Census Project 1871, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, Madron District Folio 63 Page 10.
  17. Census 1881 British, online http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/frameset_search.asp, RG11Piece/ Folio 2345 / 99 Page Number 4.
  18. "West Penwith Resources", online http://west-penwith.org.uk/, Kelly's Directory of Penzance.
  19. Cornwall Census 1861, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…
  20. Kelly's Directory of Cornwall 1883, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/pz83.htm, http://west-penwith.org.uk/pz393.htm
  21. Paul Burial Registers 1813-1901, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/paulbur1.htm, 1890-1901.
  22. Rick Parsons, "MI lookups, Maddern," e-mail to Audrey, 13/6/2001.
  23. Paul Burial Registers 1813-1901, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/paulbur1.htm, 23 Jul Thomas Maddern of Penzance aged 79.
  24. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C023411.

Thomas Maddern1

M, b. 19 February 1846, d. June 1937

Thomas and Elizabeth Maddern c 1910

  • Thomas Maddern was born on 19 February 1846 in Newlyn, Cornwall, England. His father, John Maddern, was shown as a market gardener, and his mother was formerly Lower. Priscilla signed the Entry of Birth with an X.2
  • He was the son of Thomas Maddern and Priscilla Lower.1
  • Thomas Maddern was christened on 12 April 1846 in Paul Parish, Newlyn, Cornwall, England.1,3
  • At the time of the 30 March 1851 census Thomas Maddern was living in the household of Thomas Maddern and Priscilla Lower in Church Lane, Newlyn, Cornwall. Thomas, the family head, was shown as a 35 year old farmer of 8 acres employing 1 labourer, born Paul. He was living with his wife Priscilla aged 40, born St Mawes and his six children Catherine 13, Mary Ann 11, Grace 9, Priscilla 7, Thomas 5 and John 3. All the older children were scholars and all the children were born in Paul.4
  • On 1 July 1854,their mother, Priscilla Lower died in Newlyn, Cornwall, at age 47. Of her children Catherine, the oldest was 17 and John, the baby of the family only 6. No doubt the older girls had a great influence both John and 8 year old Thomas junior in their early years.5
  • At the time of the 7 April 1861 census Thomas Maddern was living in the household of Thomas Maddern in Fore Street, Newlyn, Cornwall. Thomas sen, the household head, was a 44 year old widower, agent to export ?brocolia (illegible), born Newlyn, St Paul and living with his unmarried daughters Catherine, 23, housekeeper; Mary Ann, 21, assistant housekeeper; Grace 19, assistant housework; Priscilla 17, dressmaker; Thomas, son, 15 scholar; John, son, 13 scholar. The surname was spelt MADDRON.6,7
  • Thomas Maddern witnessed the marriage of Digory Hamlyn Bray and Grace Maddern on 22 June 1867 in Penzance, Cornwall, England; They were married by Banns. Digory Hambling Bray was of full age, a labourer of Tredavoe (Father: John Bellow Bray, Basket Maker). Grace Maddern was also of full age of Tredavoe (Father: Thomas Maddern, Farmer). Witnesses were Thomas Maddern, Thomas Maddern Jr.8,9
  • Thomas Maddern appeared on the census of 2 April 1871 in 5 Chancery Street, Bristol, Gloucestershire. Thomas as a 25 year old unmarried carpenter, born Cornwall, living with his landlady Jane Bond 42.10
  • He appeared on the census of 3 April 1881 in 5 Chancery Street North, Bristol, Gloucestershire. Thomas was still boarding with Jane Bond. He is shown as a 35 year old carpenter, born Penzance. The surname was spelt MADDEN.11
  • He appeared on the census of 5 April 1891 in Chancery Street, Bristol, Gloucestershire. Thomas as a 45 year old carpenter and joiner,born Paul Cornwall and living with Jane Bond 60, a widow, who is now his Housekeeper.12
  • His marriage, at 54 years and 9 months, to Elizabeth Unknown was registered in the December 1900 Quarter in Bristol, Gloucestershire Registration District.13
  • Thomas Maddern and Elizabeth Unknown appeared on the census of 31 March 1901 in 11 Chancery Street, Bristol, Gloucestershire. Thomas is shown as "James Madden", 55, a carpenter/joiner born Penzance, Cornwall living with his wife Elizabeth aged 46, born Plymouth, Devon and Elizabeth's children Ada A Abraham, 18 a bookeeper born Bristol; Marina B 16 a chocolate worker and Gertrude M 14 a paper paster, all born in Bristol.14
  • Thomas Maddern and Elizabeth Unknown appeared on the census of 2 April, 1911 in 11 Chancery Street, Bristol, Gloucestershire. Thomas 65, was shown as a carpenter or joiner in the building trade born Paul. He had been married to Elizabeth, 56 for 10 years. She was born in Moris Down, Devon. Living with them were Elizabeth May aged 9, a scholar born St Phillips, Bristol and three of Elizabeth's children, Ada Amor Abraham aged 28, born St Michaels Bristol and working as a faster? in a boot factory, Marina Bessie Abraham, 26, born St Michaels Bristol, a packer in a cocoa factory and Gertrude Margaret Abraham, 24, a porter in a tobacco factory, born St Michales Bristol.15,16
  • On 9 October 1917 Ada's husband Samuel Burroughs was killed in Belgium during WW1. Her address at the time was 55 Chancery Street, Barton Hill, Bristol - the home of her mother and step father Thomas.17
  • In September 1922, his wife, Elizabeth Unknown's death was registered in the Bristol, Gloucestershire Registration District. She was at age 68 years.18
  • His death was recorded with the Bristol, Gloucestershire Registration District in the June 1937 Quarter.19

Child of Thomas Maddern and Elizabeth Unknown

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C023411.
  2. Thomas Maddern entry, Birth Certificate BCAZ 166220 (Registered: 28 feb 1848).
  3. Paul Baptisms 1813-1859; unknown film.
  4. Cornwall Census Project 1851, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, HO 107/1918 Folio 357 (ED Ih Paul).
  5. Paul Burial Registers 1813-1901, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/paulbur1.htm, 4 Jul Priscilla Maddern of Newlyn aged 46.
  6. Jenny, "1861 Census Newlyn," e-mail to Audrey, 13 April 2002.
  7. Cornwall Census 1861, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, RG9/1592 Folio 49 Page 22.
  8. Microfiche; unknown film, Vol 9, Page 406 April QTR 1867.
  9. West Penwich Resources - Marriages, online http://west-penwith.org.uk/wpenmar.htm, Paul Marriage Register 1813-1905.
  10. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, 1871 Census.
  11. Census 1881 British, online http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/frameset_search.asp, Census Place Bristol St Philip & Jacob Out, Gloucester, England Family History LibraryFilm 1341602 Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 2499 / 40 Page Number 22.
  12. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, 1891 Census RG 10/1004 Page 28.
  13. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Marriages Dec 1900 Abraham Elizabeth Bristol 6a 205 Maddern Thomas Bristol 6a 205.
  14. British Census 1901, online http://www.1901censusonline.com/, Bristol East page 20.
  15. British Census 1911, online http://www.1911census.co.uk/
  16. Ancestry.com, online http://www.ancestry.com, 1911 Census.
  17. Commonwealth War Graves Commission, online http://www.cwgc.org/
  18. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Deaths Sep 1922 Maddern      Elizabeth      68     ; Bristol;      6a     32.
  19. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Deaths Jun 1937 Maddern      Thomas      91;      Bristol     ; 6a     143.
  20. FreeBMD, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, Births Sep 1901 Maddern Elizabeth May Bristol      6a 118.

Thomas Maddern1

M, b. 8 May 1698

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C022042.

Thomas Charles Maddern1

M, b. 29 December 1916, d. 11 January 1985
  • Thomas Charles Maddern was born on 29 December 1916 in Crow's Nest, Queensland.2
  • He was the son of Egbert Thomas Spencer Lower Maddern and Alice Ann Gillies.
  • Thomas Charles Maddern commenced school on 18 October 1926 at Crow's Nest State School. aged 9 years and 10 months. He left in December of that year.3
  • Thomas Charles Maddern died on 11 January 1985 in Brisbane, Queensland, at age 68.4
  • He was buried on 14 January 1985 in Toowoomba& Drayton Cemetery. PLAW8-004-0086.5,6,7

Citations

  1. CE Cossart, "History of the Cossart and Allied Families."
  2. QLD, BDM Index, online https://www.bdm.qld.gov.au/IndexSearch/BirIndexQry.m, Birth Ref 17/003190.
  3. Print from Microfiche; Crows Nest State School.
  4. Jenny O'Dempsey, "Family Group Sheet, Jenny O'Dempsey."
  5. Interview, Des Lowien, 2003.
  6. Queensland Family History Society, QFHS Cemetery Records, (Society Members, translator): Maddern Thomas Charles 68 ; 11/01/1985; 14/01/1985; PROT LAWN 8 4 86 ; Unknown B881L.
  7. Toowoomba & Drayton Cemetery, online http://ww2.toowoombarc.qld.gov.au/index.php

Thomas H Maddern

M, b. 1869

Thomas Henry Maddern

M, b. circa 1846
  • Thomas Henry Maddern was born circa 1846 in Paul, Newlyn, Cornwall, England.
  • He was christened on 12 April 1846 in Paul, Newlyn, Cornwall, England.
  • Thomas Henry Maddern married Martha Maddern on 16 October 1865 in Madron, Penzance, Cornwell, England.

Children of Thomas Henry Maddern and Martha Maddern

Thomas John Maddern1

M, b. 1910
  • Thomas John Maddern was born in 1910 in Wattstown, Glamorgan, Wales.1
  • He was the son of Charles Henry Maddern and Rosanna Smith.1
  • At the time of the 1911 census Thomas John Maddern was living in the household of Charles Henry Maddern and Rosanna Smith in 15 Bryn Terrace, Wattstown, Glamorganshire. Charles 28, was shown as a smith striker (above ground) for a coal mine. He had been born in Cornwall and had been married to Rosanna for 5 years with three children. Rosanna was 25, born Ynishir, Glamorgan. Their three children Elizabeth Maud 4, Margaret 2 and Thomas John 7 months were all born in Wattstown.
    Martha Mary Smith 10, born Wattstown was a visitor to the house and George Henry Word, 24, a miner's labour born Birmingham lived with them. He was listed as a step brother.1

Citations

  1. British Census 1911, online http://www.ancestry.com

William Maddern1

M, b. 11 October 1736

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C053401.

William Maddern1

M, b. 23 November 1760

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C053401.

William Maddern1

M, b. 3 December 1808
  • William Maddern was born on 3 December 1808 in St Buyran, Cornwall.1
  • He was the son of Francis Maddern and Jane Davey.1
  • At the age of 25 years, 5 months and 9 days, William Maddern married Bridget Ladner on 12 May 1834 in St Buyran, Cornwall. Bridget, of the Parish, was the daughter of John Ladner. They were married by banns.1
  • William Maddern and Bridget Ladner appeared on the census of 7 June 1841 in Boleigh, Cornwall. William, a farmer and Bridget both 30, lived with their children Jane 6, William 5, Francis 3, and Mary 8 months. Farm servants Andrew Stevens 20, Joseph Williams 12, Sally Carnes 15 also lived on the premises.2

Child of William Maddern and Bridget Ladner

Citations

  1. Cornwall OPC Web Site, online http://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/
  2. Cornwall Census - 1841, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kayhin/…, Book 9 Folio 43 Page 11.

William J Maddern

M, b. 1868

Willilam Maddern1

M, b. 3 June 1693

Citations

  1. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C022042.

Marie Theresa Maddin1

F, b. 1890, d. 1973

Citations

  1. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Marriage 1914/C861     Loveday     Keith Robert     ;Maddin     Maria Teresa.
  2. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Death 1973     B45952     Maria Theresa     Loveda;y     Michael Maddin ;     Maria Elizabeth Fanning.
  3. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Birth 1890     C8633     Maria Theresa     Maddin;     Michael;     Maria Elizabeth Fanning.
  4. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Death 1961/C1187     Keith Robert     Loveday;     George Thomas;     Ella Abercrombie.

James Maddran

M, b. 4 October 1782
  • James Maddran was also known as Maddern.
  • He was baptized on 4 October 1782 in Paul Parish, Cornwall.1,2,3
  • He was the son of John Maddern and Elizabeth Leah.

Citations

  1. Gordon K Cotton website, online http://www.cottonfamilygenealogy.net/
  2. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C053401, Source Cell # 226178.
  3. Cornwall OPC Web Site, online http://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/

William Vingoe Maddran

M, b. 9 February 1784, d. May 1784
  • William Vingoe Maddran was also known as Maddern.
  • He was baptized on 9 February 1784 in Paul Parish, Cornwall, England.1,2,3
  • He was the son of John Maddern and Elizabeth Leah.
  • William Vingoe Maddran died in May 1784.
  • He was buried on 6 May 1784 in Paul Churchyard Cemetery.3

Citations

  1. Gordon K Cotton website, online http://www.cottonfamilygenealogy.net/
  2. International Genealogy Index, online http://www.familysearch.org/, Batch No C053401, Source Cell # 226178.
  3. Cornwall OPC Web Site, online http://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/

Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick)

F, b. 1858, d. 20 June 1903
  • Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick) was born in 1858 in Richmond, New South Wales.1
  • She was the daughter of William John Magwick and Hannah Roberts.2
  • At the age of 21 years, Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick) married William Thomas Staines, son of Samuel Staines and Eliza Sydie, on 12 March 1879 in St Peter's Church, Richmond, New South Wales, Australia. The service was officiated by Rev. Dr. Woollis.3,4,5
  • Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick) was mentioned in a newspaper article in the Windsor and Richmond Gazette regarding the death of William John Magwick on 9 September 1899 "We have been informed that the late Mr W J Magick died from the effects of paralysis, and not rheumatism. He leaves a widow and 4 sons and 4 daughters, two of the latter being married, one to Mr W Staines, of the Bulga, and one to Mr W H Vaughan, of Granville. The chief mourners at the funeral on the 20th inst, were, Mr A Magick (son), Messrs W Staines and W H Vaughan (sons in-law), and C Roberts (brother in-law.)6"
  • The following article appeared in the Singleton Argus on 2 June 1903. Illness of Mr W. Staines. — Much regret is expressed at the serious illness of Mr W. Staines, the popular manager of the Milbrodale, Mount Leonard, and Wombo estates in this locality. Mr Staines has been, confined to his bed for a considerable time, and is under, the care of Dr. Maffey, who hopes to have his patient about again in a little while. [NOTE- Did the paper have it wrong? Was it Rose who was ill?]7
  • Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick) died on 20 June 1903 in Singleton, New South Wales.8
  • She was buried in Whittingham Cemetery, Singleton, New South Wales.1
  • The following article appeared in the Hawkesbury Herald on 26 June 1903. News reached Richmond this week of the death of Mrs. William Staines of Bulga, who expired on Saturday week last, after an illness of five days The deceased leaves four girls and boy, as well as her husband, to mourn their loss. She was a daughter of Mrs. Madgwick, of Richmond, and has a number of relatives in the district. For many years she resided in Richmond with her husband, both of whom were well known and highly respected.9

Children of Rose Hannah Madgwick (Magick) and William Thomas Staines

Citations

  1. Tracie King, "Cemetery Records Will and Rose Anne Staines," e-mail to Audrey Chambers, 2002, STAINES Rosanna 20th June 1903 45 years Female 15 2b Whittingham.
  2. NSW Births Deaths & Marriages Index, online http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/search.htm, Death Ref 7905/1903 - Daughter Rosannah Staines.
  3. NSW Births Deaths & Marriages Index, online http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/search.htm, 1879/4625.
  4. "Notes by Betty Staines,."
  5. Australian Newspapers beta Trove (National Library of Australia), online http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?q=, Sydney Morning Herlad 13 Mar 1897.
  6. Australian Newspapers beta Trove (National Library of Australia), online http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?q=, Windsor and Richmond Gazette (NSW : 1888 - 1954) Saturday 9 September 1899 p 4 Article.
  7. Australian Newspapers beta Trove (National Library of Australia), online http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?q=, Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954) Tuesday 2 June 1903 p 2 Article.
  8. NSW Births Deaths & Marriages Index, online http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/search.htm, Death Ref 7905/1903.
  9. Australian Newspapers beta Trove (National Library of Australia), online http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?q=, Hawkesbury Herald (Windsor, NSW : 1902 - 1945) Friday 26 June 1903 p 10 Article.

James David Madgwick1

M, b. 17 November 1908, d. 1984

Child of James David Madgwick and Linda May Aberhart

Citations

  1. NZ Births Marriages Deaths, online https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/home/, Marriage 1930/6247     Linda May Aberhart ;James David      Madgwick.
  2. NZ Births Marriages Deaths, online https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/home/, Death 1984/30119     Madgwick      James David      ;17 November 1908.
  3. NZ Births Marriages Deaths, online https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/home/, Death 2003/25704     Madgwick      Kenneth James ;     7 June 1921.

Kenneth James Madgwick1

M, b. 7 June 1921, d. 2003

Citations

  1. NZ Births Marriages Deaths, online https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/home/, Death 2003/25704     Madgwick      Kenneth James ;     7 June 1921.

Charlotte Caroline Madsen1

F, b. circa 1855
  • Charlotte Caroline Madsen was born circa 1855.1
  • Charlotte Caroline Madsen married Hans Peter Rasmussen in 1879 in Brisbane, Queensland.1

Citations

  1. QLD BDM Index, online http://www.qld.gov.au/law/…, Marriage 1879/B6571Rasmussen Hans Peter; Madsen Charlotte Caroline.